Pair Chamberlains Armorial Porcelain Worcester Plates HORROCKS Family Preston Cotton Martyrs
YEAR OF MANUFACTURE: circa 1830
MAKER: Chamberlains Worcester
WEIGHT: 45.01 troy ounces (49.38 ounces or 1,400.00 grams)
STOCK CODE: eagle b/c
Superb pair Chamberlains Worcester armorial porcelain soup plates Crest: On a rock an eagle with wings elevated and addorsed proper pendant from the beak a shield azure charged with a hank of cotton also proper. Granted 1825.
Samuel Horrocks 1766-1842 was a cotton manufacturer in Preston Lancashire. Probably the most successful in his day. Founded by his brother, John Horrocks, The family firm “Horrockses” or Horrocks Company was awarded rights of export by the East India Company of manufactured cotton goods to India. He built Lark Hill, overlooking the river Ribble near his factories in 1797. A modern house for its time, with hot and cold plumbing, showers, central heating and a bakery in the basement. A brewery, dairy, wash house and gardeners lodge in the grounds, nine bedrooms for servants in the attic.
In 1804 he had the double tragedy of losing his brother John and his wife, Alice, leaving behind 8 young children. He was Alderman and Mayor of Preston in 1801-1802, and 1804 M.P which he held for 22 years. Unfortunately he was known as “the silent member for Preston” as he made no speeches in Parliament.
During the 1812 election, rioters attacked Lark Hill and a bodyguard was enlisted.
In 1814 Samuel helped establish St Wilfred's School in Fox St, the National School at Syke Hill and St Saviours parish school.
In 1823 he was attacked by an ex-worker with a knife and sustained head injuries. Andrew Ryding was found not guilty of attempted murder due to insanity.
During 1842 the national General Strike against wage cuts in the mills, spread to Preston. There were strikes and riots, five people were shot dead outside the Preston Corn Exchange. His son, Sam Horrocks, Guild Mayor, tried to read the Riot Act but was struck by a stone. The act gave the right for local authorities to disperse unlawful gatherings and riots with force. Thirty soldiers of the 72nd Highlanders had confronted the rioters who had been throwing stones. When the violence escalated they were ordered to fire.
A statue outside the Corn Exchange commemorates the event. Seen by many as part of the struggle of the working class movement for political reform. “The Preston Cotton Martyrs”.
By 1856 the Horrocks company employed over 3000 people and produced 400.000 yards of fabric a week and exported all over the world.
Lark Hill now forms the centrepiece of Cardinal Newman Catholic College.
Measure 10.5 Inches wide.
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